Matrilineal v. patriarchal societies

If one is born into a matrilineal culture instead of patriarchal one, the expectant mother of each is treated very differently from the moment of a known pregnancy. The ancient native culture prepared a moss and branch hut for her, lined it with mosses and perfumed it with fresh flowers. She was attended by women who provided food, clean clothing and they freshened the hut. From the moment of birth, the language of a matrilineal culture differs from the patriarchal one.The influence continues into adulthood. 

Gender Differences in Competition: Evidence from a Matrilineal and ...

These gender differences often do not reach the conscious mind. We think and act according to the patterns of a culture. In a matrilineal family, the mother has a higher rank than the father simply because of her ability to bleed and not die, give birth to babies, and suckle them. These differences in gender roles to a Neolithic family, or in one that is matrilocal and matrilineal gives women more status throughout a lifetime.  In many cultures, the women own the hearthstone, the property of the family, and are judges of the tribe.  

In a patriarchal family, the husband/father has the superior status with higher power, the mother has a lower relative status and uses weak forms of power, i.e. manipulation and subversion for example. 

An individual does not have awareness of the cultural differences and matures, develops into cultural expectations of appropriate sex roles. In the college where I taught the mission statement said instructors were to teach and model appropriate gender roles, whatever that means. 

Stop and think about that for a minute. Imagine a husband/father dies leaving behind a wife with no work skills, no education for employment, no work history, and she has three kids to raise. She very quickly learns that female gender roles provide poor means to take on the tasks of single mother parenting. She swiftly has to learn how to use male power methods, not rely on low-power styles to get the needs of the family met. She has to think of herself as the head of the family, and may not know how to balance a check book or pay bills. She may have to enter the paid labor force without the education or experience needed to make that transition. Her relationship changes with the extended family; some will call her pushy or aggressive when all she is doing is what is necessary to get the tasks done. 

The unconscious way of being a woman, when faced with the reality, has to change, radically. 

Marija Gimbutas, Civilization of the Goddess.

The Beginnings of Patriarchy in Europe: Reflections on the Kurgan T...

Mother-Right: Equalitarian Societies

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Tags: competition, gender, matrilineal, matrilocal, patriarchal

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Comment by Rick Springfield on August 12, 2014 at 11:15am
First there was only XX pair chromosome and due to deleterious mutations in one X the Y chromosome formed, so god did not know that male come from female, we shout tell him that.

"The SRY gene regulates the formation of the testes from the undifferentiated embryonic gonad. The location of SRY and SOX3 on the X and Y chromosomes of several species has been compared, an analysis that has allowed scientists to roughly date when changes occurred. Gene pairs, such as SRY and SOX3, allow researchers to map changes and rearrangements on chromosomes. Specifically, 300 million years ago (Ma), scientists speculate that SOX3 was in the same location on the proto X and Y chromosomes. A mutation in SOX3 created the gene SRY on the Y chromosome. Researchers found that monotremes are the most ancient mammals that have the SRY gene, whereas all earlier ancestors do not. These data allowed researchers to estimate when the mutation that created SRY occurred (300 million years ago)"

http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/evolution-y-chromosome
Comment by Luara on August 12, 2014 at 8:41am

We only consider the difference in The DNA in the Y chromosome which composed of about 59 million base pairs.

Since 45 out of 46 chromosomes are the same between males and females, 98% of the genetic information is the same.  That's the point I was making. 

Well, you could count genes to get a more accurate estimate.  But in any case, men and women aren't very different genetically. 

Comment by Rick Springfield on August 12, 2014 at 8:22am
We only consider the difference in The DNA in the Y chromosome which composed of about 59 million base pairs. The Y chromosome is passed only from father to son, so analysis of Y chromosome DNA may thus be used in genealogical research. To date, over 200 Y-linked genes have been identified.
X chromosome is common between male and female.
So women are the main plate form of the human, but y chromosome make the difference that explain why men have nibbles. But they disabled by switch code in Y chromosome and not grow to breast.

With a 30% difference between humans and chimpanzees, the Y chromosome is one of the fastest evolving parts of the human genome.

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/14/science/14gene.html?_r=0
Comment by Luara on August 12, 2014 at 7:12am

This is also have biological difference in brain, not only in culture or society.

The article you linked to discusses physiological sex differences in brains, not how those differences are manifested in behavior. 

Also, some of those sex differences in brains may be caused by sex differences in environment and experiences.

And, keep in mind that for most kinds of differences, the differences within a sex are greater than the differences between sexes.  There are 23 human chromosome pairs, and ONE chromosome in ONE pair varies between the sexes. 

Comment by Rick Springfield on August 12, 2014 at 4:02am
This is also have biological difference in brain, not only in culture or society.
"Evolving Knowledge of Sex Differences in Brain Structure, Function and Chemistry"
Kelly P. Cosgrove, PhD, Carolyn M. Mazure, PhD, and Julie K. Staley, PhD
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2711771/

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