If it is not possible to hold one's breath until one expires, then the "will" to live is not willful at all, but is a bodily reaction (at least in that isolated case). Furthermore, the emotions and thoughts accompanying such a reaction cannot be called willful either. A person will innevitably feel that they want to live, and will have thoughts about trying to stay alive, once their body has begun to struggle for air.
So, this is an example of a motive to stay alive, and…Continue
If I am correct, then you are about to read philosophical history. It's a little dense, but it's short, so focus...
This is actually an old philosophy. I cannot remember which old Greek proposed it, but I remember hearing the idea in a philosophy class years ago. It was a dualistic argument against free will asserting that the human mind and body…Continue