ORIGINS: UNIVERSE, LIFE, HUMANKIND, AND DARWIN

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ORIGINS: UNIVERSE, LIFE, HUMANKIND, AND DARWIN

We debate origins of the Universe, life, Earth, humans, religion, atheism, using common sense, evolution, cosmology, geology, archaeology, and other sciences, to repel biblical creationism and other religious beliefs.

Location: Oxford University, England
Members: 4153
Latest Activity: 16 hours ago

The portrait is Charles Darwin, age 31, in 1840

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Discussion Forum

The Bible is not Great by Soren Sagan

Started by Joan Denoo. Last reply by Joan Denoo yesterday. 16 Replies

Ebola Spreads to U.S.

Started by John Jubinsky. Last reply by John Jubinsky on Friday. 10 Replies

Organic Material Found on Mars

Started by John Jubinsky. Last reply by Patricia on Wednesday. 1 Reply

Pope Says Animals go to Heaven

Started by John Jubinsky. Last reply by Lemual Poot on Wednesday. 24 Replies

Alzheimer's Reversed in Mice

Started by John Jubinsky. Last reply by Loren Miller Dec 14. 2 Replies

Pope Says Animals go to Heaven

Started by John Jubinsky. Last reply by Plinius Dec 11. 2 Replies

42,000 Year Old Flute

Started by John Jubinsky. Last reply by Jay Stride Dec 10. 2 Replies

540,000 Year Old Artwork

Started by John Jubinsky. Last reply by Dr. Terence Meaden Dec 9. 15 Replies

Hawking Likes Film on His Life

Started by John Jubinsky. Last reply by Grinning Cat Nov 29. 3 Replies

Very Ancient Sharks Teeth Found

Started by Patricia. Last reply by Joseph P Nov 29. 3 Replies

Ancient Footprints

Started by Patricia. Last reply by Patricia Nov 22. 2 Replies

empathizing–systemizing

Started by Rick Springfield. Last reply by Joan Denoo Nov 18. 6 Replies

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Comment by gerry gallacher on September 1, 2011 at 7:48pm
Thanks Bob I found 'Darwins's Dog' to be just what I was looking for.
Comment by Rod MacLeod on September 1, 2011 at 11:48am
Yup, it has only been up a month. I set it up but there is  bunch of us  from a Facebook Evolution Group  that are contributing to it. Much of the inspiration comes from creationist Facebook Groups that we keep getting banned from! :)
Comment by Joseph P on September 1, 2011 at 11:01am
Heh, nice. What is that site, something like The Onion, only mostly leftist-leaning?
Comment by Rod MacLeod on September 1, 2011 at 9:47am
Comment by gerry gallacher on September 1, 2011 at 9:43am
Many thanks to all who supplied answers to my question...well appreciated.
Comment by Ezra David Rose on August 31, 2011 at 2:06pm

@Justin

 

On the subject of whether or not polypeptides have a function on their own, keep in mind that polypeptides are largely what enzymes and coenzymes tend to be. And you basically pointed this out where you said: "There is some very interesting chemistry on using simple polypeptides as catalysts for different chemical reactions." By saying that, you basically illustrated the exact function of enzymes and coenzymes.

Comment by Justin on August 31, 2011 at 9:22am

I believe that the main indictment of protein evolution is that short polypeptides (e.g., protein fragments made up of a few amino acids) don't have function on their own, and therefore it is difficult to imagine how they would exert any selection pressure for future generations that would cause them to develop further.  This is a little bit of a strawman since the claim isn't that proteins have to suddenly have a fully developed function from day one is not made by scientists.  All you really need to get is a self-replicating molecule or one that promotes some change in the surrounding environment that is advantageous (say, by sequestering a harmful pollutant).  There is some very interesting chemistry on using simple polypeptides as catalysts for different chemical reactions, which I believe provides a sound basis for the idea that even simple polypeptides can have useful properties, but some gaps still need to be filled in.  Another factor is that complexity of polypeptides grows very rapidly once you start assembling fragments of three or four amino acids to one another.  They don't have to be built up one amino acid at a time, and therefore you have access to a big diversity of polypeptides in fewer steps.

 

There is also the question of how formed proteins can evolve in ways that require two or more "random" site mutations (i.e., where two parts of a protein must change "simultaneously" to give the positive effect).  This one has been debunked by the science now.  The basic idea is that one site mutation might not have a positive effect, but it also might not have a significant negative effect to select against it, so it could be carried forward into future generations (no selection pressure).  Then, when the second mutation comes along, the positive effect manifests and you have your advantage.

Comment by Ezra David Rose on August 30, 2011 at 4:10pm
Bachman, the one person who Palin may not even hold a candle to in the world of powerful fu$king stupid. But then again.....
Comment by Marc Draco on August 30, 2011 at 2:30pm

UK broadcaster BBC has amongst its headline today, "The evolution of 9/11 conspiracy theories".

 

How cool would it be for a Michell Bachman to say that evolution was a lie in response to that!

Comment by Ezra David Rose on August 30, 2011 at 1:17pm

@Gerry and Marc:

 

Well yes, the evolution of proteins in its self is the result of natural selection. The proponents of "intelligent design" on the Texas Board of Education tried to make arguments based on similar ideas in order to alter high school text books. Ultimately they embarrassed themselves as usual.

 

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