Analysis of a Neanderthal throat bone has established that the species could speak like we do. Moreover, there is strong evidence that Denisovan and earlier hominids could too. Good vocal communication would have helped humans to advance ahead of other species. Per the article:

 

A highly specialized bone that enables humans to speak has also been found in Neanderthals, bolstering the theory that our way-distant cousins could vocalize as well as we can. The horseshoe-shaped bone, called the hyoid, supports the very base of the tongue and is critical for speech, reports the BBC.....An international team of researchers worked with a Neanderthal throat bone, creating a 3-D model that they then manipulated to see how it might have worked, the BBC said. They found that it worked just like a Homo Sapien throat bone does....Research published over the summer in the journal Frontiers in Language Sciences said there was strong genetic, fossil and archaeological evidence that modern speech and language existed not only among Neanderthals and Denisovans, but also in early human species.

 

http://news.discovery.com/human/evolution/neanderthals-could-talk-l...

Tags: Denisovans, Hominids, Jubinsky, Neanderthal, Speach

Views: 97

Replies to This Discussion

I just finished watching the NOVA series Becoming Human.  Apparently Homo Habilus had a well developed Broca's area, and might have been capable of verbal communication.  This would have been about 1.3 million years ago.

.........but could they sing ?

ΟΡΚΙΖΟΜΑΙ ΣΤΗΝ ΣΤΑΧΤΗ ΑΥΤΗ
ΛΟΓΟΣ
ΑΙΜΑ
ΝΟΗΜΑ
ΛΟΓΟΣ
ΑΙΜΑ
ΝΟΗΜΑ
ΦΟΒΟΣ ΝΕΥΜΑ
ΚΑΛΕΣΜΑ

I do not see how this is amazing. Dolphins, whales, various apes, and some rodents, all have distinctive languages of varying complexity. If these creatures have language, I do not see how it is so mind blowing that Neanderthals could speak. The things looked so similar to human ancestors that they were originally thought to be in the line of human evolution.

The article suggests that species even earlier than Neanderthal could speak and in the very same way that we do. Per the article:

 

Research published over the summer in the journal Frontiers in Language Sciences said there was strong genetic, fossil and archaeological evidence that modern speech and language existed not only among Neanderthals and Denisovans, but also in early human species.

 

The implication is that species as early as Homo erectus could speak well enough for us to have had a conversation with assuming a shared vocabulary. Such verbal ability together with very effective hands and being erect enough to carry loads and strongly thrust might be why humans advanced so far ahead of other anilmals

 

 

 

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