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Hi everyone,

I'd like a little help with something I'm trying to find - a simple rundown of the scientific method, what it is and why it's a good method to use.

This is for people who have no background in science but are currently working in a field where basic knowledge of the scientific method would be invaluable. I've looked around on the internet for something like this, but haven't had any luck so far.

Any suggestions are welcome.

Tags: help, primer, scientific method

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This is something I came across about ten years ago that might shed some light on the scientific method.

 

Six rules of evidential reasoning.
James Lett, Assoc. Professor of Anthropology
Ft. Pierce, Florida, U.S.A.


Falsifiability
It must be possible to conceive of evidence that would prove the claim false.

Logic
Any argument offered as evidence in support of any claim must be sound.
(See any Logic textbook for the definition of "sound argument"

Comprehensiveness
Any argument offered in support of any claim must be exhaustive -- that is all of the available evidence must be considered.

Honesty
The evidence offered in support of any claim must be evaluated without self-deception.

Replicability
If the evidence for any claim is based upon an experimental result, or if the evidence offered in support of any claim could logically be explained as coincidental, then it is necessary for the evidence to be repeated in subsequent experiments or trials.

Sufficiency
The evidence offered in support of any claim must be adequate to establish the truth of that claim, with these stipulations:
1)the burden of proof for any claim rests on the claimant;
2)extraordinary claims demand extraordinary evidence, and,
3)evidence based upon authority and/or testimony is always inadequate for any paranormal claim.

When going the way of science, avoid this trap: counting, measuring or weighing everything.

 

Something else too: know that despite science's objectivity, you will decide some things subjectively. For instance, how beauty differs from terror. A lightning strike miles away may be beautiful. A lightning strike nearby is terror.

 

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